Unit 4: Key adverbs – những trạng từ quan trọng trong bài thi IELTS

Trạng từ là chủ điểm quan trọng trong bài thi IELTS. Chúng tham khảo một số Trạng từ là thói quen của bài thi nhé!

1. Trạng từ thể hiện tính so sánh

Adverb Definition Example Meaning
Comparatively/relatively /kəmˈpærətɪvli/ /ˈrelətɪvli/ In comparison with something else Our sample was relatively/comparatively small Tương đối là
Especially/particularly      /ɪˈspeʃəli/ /pəˈtɪkjələli/ More than usual The process was not especially/particularly difficult Đặc biệt là
Specially /ˈspeʃəli/ More than usual (spoken English) The exam was specially hard this year. Đặc biệt là
Somewhat /ˈsʌmwɒt/ (Slightly formal): a little; slightly When we tested younger boys, we obtained somewhat/considerably different results. Hơi/ khá là
Primarily  /praɪˈmerəli/ Mainly Amir is primarily interested in bio-physics. Chủ yếu
Mostly/largely /ˈməʊstli//ˈlɑːdʒli/ Almost completely (but not totally so) The research was largely/mostly successful Chủ yếu
Directly /dəˈrektli/ Without anything else being involved The illness is directly linked to poor housing. Trực tiếp

2. Adverbs related to numbers or time (Trạng từ chỉ thời gian/ con số)

There are approximately 20 varieties of bird in this species

Approximately = roughly, about /əˈprɒksɪmətli/ /ˈrʌfli/ /əˈbaʊt/

There are precisely 48 different managerial posts in the company

Precisely = exactly /prɪˈsaɪsli//ɪɡˈzæktli/ : chính xác

Interviewees frequently misunderstood one of the questions

Frequently = often /ˈfriːkwəntli//ˈɒftən/:  thường xuyên

We eventually obtained the results we were hoping for

Eventually /ɪˈventʃuəli/ = in the end, after some time :  cuối cùng thì

Ultimately, we plan to repeat the experiment

Ultimately/ˈʌltɪmətli/= finally, after other things have been completed = cuối cùng

3. Adverbs that restrict or limit (Trạng từ thể hiện mức độ, giới hạn)

The medication will merely make the symptoms bearable; it will not cure the disease

Merely /ˈmɪəli/ = exactly /ɪɡˈzæktli/, nothing more /ˈnʌθɪŋ/ /mɔː(r)/= chỉ

To put it simply, the risks of this approach would seem to outweigh its advantages.

Simply /ˈsɪmpli/ = plainly /ˈpleɪnli/ = đơn giản

The tribe has hardly ever had contact with the outside world.

Hardly ever /ˈhɑːdli//ˈevə(r)/ = almost never /ˈɔːlməʊst//ˈnevə(r)/= hầu như ko bao giờ